Sunday, February 1, 2009

The universal theory of leadership

The universal theory of leadership is the belief that there are certain traits that contribute to leadership effectiveness in all situations. The elements to this theory are Personal characteristics, behaviors, and skills. According to the elements of the universal theory of leadership the leader has to have several traits to become an effective leader. First of all, an effective leader has to have a vision about how organization could or should be the in the future. Secondly, the leader needs to have self-confidence to become an effective leader because if the leader has great ideas without confident in himself he will not achieve anything. Also, an effective leader needs to have great skills of communication to convince others to follow him. Additionally, an effective leader needs to have humility when he treats people. Even though, the leader has great ideas, often most of the ideas come from someone else. As a result, the leader has to surround himself by those people who have those ideas. However, based on the prior traits of an effective leader, we can notice the difference between management and leadership in several aspects. First of all, the manager does not have to have vision because the manager has plans and budget to follow. Secondly, the manager does not need to have to be a great communicator to convince others because he gives directions and rules that others have to follow. In other words the manger is controlling the power in the organization and enforces others to achieve their tasks. Another difference between the management and the leadership is that the manager does not need to have humility such as the leader. However, the universal theory of leadership has limitation because the leader may have all traits in this theory but he is not an effective leader. The reason that the theory has limitation because leadership’s elements are: leader, group members, and situation. Sometimes the group members are not effective or the situation inappropriate.